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Study of Law in Germany: A large Central European country with 16 member states and members of the European Union, Germany is officially referred to as the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland) and has a significant political and economic influence among all other EU countries. The Chancellor heads the Government of the GDR, which implements a legal system based on the principles laid down in the Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Basic facts about Germany
- The sixteen states that make up Germany are called Länder, and each country has its own constitution.
- The contributions of Germans in the fields of science, mathematics and technology cannot be emphasized enough. Brilliant individuals such as Einstein, Max Planck, Hermann von Helmholtz, Johannes Gutenberg, Gottfried Leibniz and Karl Gauss are just a few German scientists who have provided the world with famous inventions.
- Germany is one of the most technologically advanced manufacturers in the world of coal, iron, cement, steel, machinery, compounds and chemicals. It also has significant investments in green energy, especially solar energy and the use of windmills for electricity.
- Popular tourist attractions in Germany include the Bavarian Alps, the Black Forest, the Rhine Valley and its ancient castles and the artistic capital Berlin.
German legal system
There are three sets of regulatory laws that make up the German legal system: public and private law and criminal law. Public law (including criminal law) deals with legal matters between the individual and the state. Private law mediates relations between companies and two or more persons. The law of Germany is strongly influenced by Roman law as well as the law of Napoleon or the law of Napoleon.
Judges play an active role in Germany's system of legal process. Although Germany is similar to the kind of legal system used by other democratically administered countries, Germany does not have jury trials because of the powers reserved for the judge that allow him to make a final decision.
One or several judges can form a "court", which is essentially an alternative to the jury. Non-specialized judges, or citizens selected by a special committee before the start of the trial, can also be included in the court.
The ordinary courts of Germany hear matters relating to marriage and criminal, family and civil disputes. Alternately, the special administrative courts hear cases involving government proceedings. The Labour Courts, Financial and Social Law are other specialized German courts that adjudicate cases related to work, taxes and social benefits.
Study law in Germany
Obtaining a degree in German law
To earn a law degree in Germany, students must take two government exams and enroll in a 6-year curriculum. First, students must pass the first state test at the end of 4 years of study in university Germany . They must then receive a two-year internship (called Referendarzeit) to gain experience in all aspects of the legal system. Finally, the second state exam is awarded to students who finish two years of legal training in criminal and civil courts.
During training, students must also take classes taught by lawyers or judges. Wages paid to the student are provided by the German government. Potential lawyers in Germany have two chances to pass state exams. After passing both tests, the student is considered eligible to seek employment as a judge or lawyer.
Higher education costs are heavily subsidized by the German government and are relatively low compared to the costs of education in the United States, unless a student chooses to pursue a law degree at a private university.
Germany's unemployment rate is one of the lowest in the European Union. International students who choose to earn a law degree in Germany and pursue work are more likely to find a job shortly after passing the second exam.
Academic admission requirements to study law in Germany in English for free
Bachelor of Laws or equivalent, in general a four-year study programme covering the three main areas of law: civil law, public law, and criminal law, in accordance with 240 ECTS
Law degree content in Germany
Students can choose from the following areas of law: civil law, public law, criminal law, and core subjects (such as history of Roman or German law or general political science). A wide range of subjects offer the possibility of different disciplines: Commercial and Corporate Law, Criminology, International Commercial Law, Intangible Property Rights, Public International Law, European Law or International Criminal Law, to name a few.
Basic lectures are accompanied by classroom-sized tutorials in order to apply the abstract theme of lectures to concrete situations. Here, students learn ways to analyze issues in a jurisprudential way as well as how to deal with the drafting of the law.
To support and complement specialist lectures, an introductory course on German legal terminology and methods and a variety of courses are provided in key qualifications (e.g. negotiation and mediation methods, presentation techniques and legal terminology in German and foreign languages).
How much does a lawyer pay in Germany
Up to €700,000
Duration of law study in Germany