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- Study Electrical Engineering in Germany
- Electrical Engineering Specialization in Germany
- Duration of study of electrical engineering in Germany
- Study Master of Electrical Engineering in Germany
- Conditions for studying electrical engineering in Germany
- Best University in Germany to Study Electrical Engineering
- Dual Degree in Electrical Engineering
- Distance Learning Electrical Engineering – Really?
- After graduation
- What are the job opportunities in Electrical Engineering?
- Salary of the electrical engineer after graduation
Study Electrical Engineering in Germany
Electrical engineering deals with the generation, use and distribution of electricity as well as the development of electrical energy-based devices and processes. Electrical engineering makes electrical and electromagnetic phenomena and laws usable in technical applications and is increasingly shaped by the fields of information technology, communication engineering, communication technology and microelectronics. In addition, the boundaries of computer science are blurred.
If you want to study electrical engineering, you must have a deep knowledge of school subjects for mathematics, physics and computer science and have a good knowledge of English, as specialization is often available only in English.
Electrical Engineering Specialization in Germany
The Electrical Engineering degree is based on mathematical and scientific principles and is based on the subjects of mathematics, physics and applied computer science. In addition, there are subject-specific courses, for example from the fields of electronics, mechanics, materials science and engineering. In addition, business fundamentals and management methods are taught during the course.
Practical stages of varying duration are usually integrated into an electrical engineering degree, which you complete in a laboratory, company or industrial company. Internships are recommended before your studies, and in some courses, they are also mandatory, depending on your professional or school background.
A full degree in electrical engineering enables you to start your career in many industries, for example in the electrical, electronics, mobile and telecommunications industry, in mechanical engineering and factory engineering or in the automotive and aerospace industry. A job in an engineering office, in a software company or a step into freelance, for example as an appraiser or expert, is possible.
Professional activities can include construction, production planning and control, software development, technical sales or process and product development. A graduate degree is usually required for management positions.
Duration of study of electrical engineering in Germany
A bachelor's degree usually lasts six or seven semesters. One semester of it is usually a practical semester that you can also complete abroad. If you study at a university, the degree is called a "Bachelor of Science" (B. Sc.) , the degree in universities of applied sciences is "Bachelor of Engineering" (B.Eng.). You can also study electrical engineering to become a teacher.
Study Master of Electrical Engineering in Germany
Then your degree is called the "Bachelor of Education" (B. Ed.). After completing your bachelor's degree, you have the option to either look for a job or continue studying for a master's degree. The standard period of study for a master's degree is four semesters. Here there are also two different degrees: "Master of Science" = University and "Master of Engineering" = University of Applied Sciences. Both master's degrees are eligible for a doctoral degree. With a master's degree from a university, it is easy to find a doctorate.
Contents of the master's degree
The Master's programme revolves around specialization in a particular field. Since electrical engineers are in demand almost everywhere these days, you have a wide choice. Possible areas of specialization are, for example:
- Energy Technology
- Renewable Energies
- Electric Motion
- Medical Technology
- Measurement and control technology
- Information and communication technology
Conditions for studying electrical engineering in Germany
As a rule, you must have a high school diploma in order to study electrical engineering. If you have a craft master's degree or technical training in the field of electrical engineering, you can study without a high school diploma. The rules for this vary from university to university. To do this, you have to inquire at the respective university. Even with a high school diploma, you can't just enroll in most universities. You often have to do an internship period of several weeks in advance.
Mathematics is very important in electrical engineering. Similarly physics. So if you have constant problems with these subjects in school, it is better to find another course of study. I mean it seriously, and I know what I'm talking about. In the first classes you have a lot of mathematics and physics, as well as a little chemistry and mechanics. Many universities and technical colleges offer introductory courses in mathematics and physics.
You can find information about introductory courses at Heinrich-Heine University Düsseldorf . You should definitely visit them. This not only refreshes your knowledge, but you can also know what's coming your way and, in case of doubt, you can change your decision in time.
You also have to enjoy working on the computer. Some people still have the idea that electrical engineers are great amateurs. You shouldn't necessarily have a left hand, but most electrical engineering jobs these days involve calculations and computer simulations.
Best University in Germany to Study Electrical Engineering
- TU Munich
- Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
- RWTH Aachen
- TU Darmstadt
- Technical University of Kaiserslautern
- University of Stuttgart
- The government's support for the government
- TU Berlin
- TU Braunschweig
- TU Hamburg-Harburg
But these are just a few examples, there are many options. However, not every university offers everything. At the end of your studies you have to write a master's thesis. It is more comprehensive than a bachelor's thesis and is usually more research-oriented.
Dual Degree in Electrical Engineering
Dual study is characterized by the fact that practical work in the company and study at the university are alternatives. This type of electrical engineering degree is offered only as a bachelor's degree. There are four different types, two of which are directed at people who have not previously received vocational training.
Distance Learning Electrical Engineering – Really?
You can do this degree well along with your job. Individual learning modules, also called lesson modules, will receive either by mail or by email. Distance learning institutes now also have a virtual campus where you can exchange ideas with other students or lecturers. There are exercises for individual learning modules that need to be worked on and sent.
Lecturers correct and evaluate them. So you have constant control over the progress of your learning. You learn at your own pace when it suits you best. However, you should not underestimate the necessary self-motivation and perseverance necessary for such a degree. These courses also end with a bachelor's or master's degree.
Electrical engineering occurs in almost all areas of life today. The opportunities in the labor market are great in return.
Where do electrical engineers work?
Where you can work after successfully completing a degree in electrical engineering depends on the type of degree you have (bachelor, master's, doctor) and your specialty. Bachelor's graduates are employed mainly in business and less in research. Those who have a master's or doctoral degree are required in both research and business. If you specialize in energy technology, for example power suppliers or mechanical engineering companies, they become questionable as employers.
If you specialize in telecommunications and communication technology, you are, for example, B- careers in the field of communications or open data processing. If you specialize in automation technology, there are many possible uses. After all, automation can be found almost everywhere these days. For example, you can work in the automotive, food or chemical industry.
Microelectronics specialists are also in great demand. The constant reduction of the size of components and groups is z. B. Important in medical technology or telecommunications. Graduates are also often employed in sales.
The public sector also needs appropriately trained people. So the job opportunities are very good. Bachelor's graduates generally have good job opportunities. However, if you want to work in research or take on managerial positions, you must have a master's degree and it is better to get a doctorate immediately.
What are the job opportunities in Electrical Engineering?
Certification always takes a few years and not everyone can look to the future reliably. But if you look back and assume that technical developments will continue in the same way as before, the job opportunities are very good. Power transition and electrical mobility are likely to create an additional need for electrical engineers. Employment opportunities in medical technology for electrical engineers are also increasing.
Finding your first job after graduation is much easier for electrical engineers compared to graduates from other courses. You have a particularly good chance if you have completed an internship while studying, completed vocational training or have already worked in this field during your studies.
A study by VDE (Association of Electrical, Electronic and Informatics Technologies) showed that four out of five graduates with fewer than 10 applications got their first job. Even more than 50% were able to choose between two or more job offers.
What is the magnitude of the unemployment risk for electrical engineers?
For academics in general and engineers in particular, the risk of becoming unemployed and staying in it is very low. It is about 2.5%. Only mechanical engineers are more in demand than electrical engineers. However, the vacancy varies from region to region. You have particularly good career opportunities in Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg and Rhineland-Palatinate. There you will find two to three vacancies per applicant. By contrast, job opportunities in Berlin, for example, are worse. There are many startups, but there is little industry.
Salary of the electrical engineer after graduation
The initial salary for a Bachelor of Electrical Engineering is based on both the region and industry. The size of the company also plays a role. As a rule, large companies pay higher wages than small ones. With a bachelor's degree, you can expect to earn between €38,000 and €44,000 per year.
Even if the public service usually pays less, as an electrical engineer, you also have the possibility of earning a good income. The automotive industry and power supply companies usually pay particularly good salaries. The initial salary of a master's degree starts at about 48,000 euros per year. Here, too, there are regional and industry-specific differences.
If you have a PhD, you can add another 25% to your earnings. In research, starting salaries in electrical engineering are as good as they are in industry, but they usually don't grow as fast as in the next few years. In addition, when conducting research at universities, you have to expect that you will only get fixed-term contracts.