Germany has always been at the forefront of options for students looking for the right countries to complete their studies abroad with little or sometimes no tuition fees, many facilities for students, as well as the possibility to study in English for many academic programs in one of the best education systems in the world, making it the third best country for international students.
Not to mention the scholarships and financial facilities that students can get, and the prestigious German degree favored by various industries around the world, make many students from different countries around the world full of enthusiasm to continue studying in Germany, the heart of Europe.
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How many semesters in Germany
The start dates of study in Germany are divided into two semesters per year and the summer semester lasts from April 1 to September 30, i.e. for the semester, while the winter semester or second semester starts from the beginning of October until its end in March.
What is striking is that everything that is theoretically taken is also taken in practice, and traditional subjects such as the legal sciences and humanities, as well as medicine and the sciences of civilization, are studied.
In Germany, there is a very close link between university education and scientific research, because scientific research continues in Germany, whether society cares about it or not and this is enough to make Germany its prestigious status.
Another great thing about university education is that students have some freedom to study what they want, what lectures they want to attend, and which professors take their exams, but there are some limitations in the educational system for them.
German education system and German universities
Of course, the question that concerns everyone who wants to study in Germany or who will immigrate there with their families is what is the German education system and German universities? In this topic we will answer all these questions about the German education system and universities.
It is known that German education is compulsory for basic education, which corresponds to the first 9 years of study for children, and this also applies to children whose residence is unclear.
The school year in Germany begins in August or September and lasts until July or June, depending on the federal state.
Students attend public schools in most cases, and their expenses are almost free, as is well known for German education, except for some simple things, such as travel, copying, etc., but in the case of private schools, tuition fees are paid.
After the age of 6 or 7, the child enrolls in primary or primary school.
After the fourth grade (sixth grade in some states) the student enrolls in a supplementary school, the great thing about this is that the elementary school often advises fourth-graders of the type of school they should attend based on their preferences.
There are preparatory or intermediate schools where you obtain a preparatory certificate or a preparatory qualification certificate.
In this school subjects such as art painting and works of all kinds are studied, then comes the role of the specialized school, which is a higher school than the previous one, which is from (fifth to tenth grade), and after completion.
After a specialized school or preparatory school, the student can learn a certain profession and this certainly makes the student independent in many things, which unfortunately we do not find in the Arab countries!
Then comes the turn of the secondary school (up to the twelfth grade), and after its completion the student can obtain a high school diploma, after which he can enroll in university, and what the student learns in high school is learning two foreign languages such as French and English.
In some states, there are so-called basic schools, which bring together all the schools we've talked about earlier – middle school, specialized middle school, and high school in one school.
In this case, when a student moves from one school to another, it will be easier, as well as in separate schools but not so easily.
School age in Germany
In Germany, children up to the age of 3 can enter kindergarten, then they can attend primary school at the age of six, this stage lasts 4 years, and then students enroll in middle school.
This course lasts 6 years, after this stage the student enters the secondary stage and is then authorized to enter the university.
Education in Germany is free and the age of study in Germany to attend university is 18 years.
Germany is a country that cares a lot about age, and if a student applies at an early age to study for a bachelor's degree, his chances of obtaining a visa are very high, but if he is late and applies to a late age (more than 26 years), he cannot get a visa.
University study system in Germany
Germany has two types of universities, private universities and public universities.
The language of instruction in private universities is English, fees in these universities start from 10,000 euros per year, and in public universities education is done in German.
Education is free at public universities and students must submit a B2 degree in German and have a high GPA.
The cost of studying at German public universities is €380 (for EU students) and €760 for citizens of other countries.
Higher education in Germany is divided into 3 levels:
- License (4 years).
- Master (two years).
- PhD (3-5 years depending on the field).
When does the school year start in Germany?
The semester at German universities begins in September (in some universities there are also classes in January).
One of the most important requirements for university study in Germany is to prove sufficient financial ability so that it becomes clear to the German government that you are able to cover the cost of living and studying for yourself for a year.
If a student does not have a German degree, they can take German courses in Germany before joining university.
Higher education institutions in Germany are divided into several categories: universities and universities in the field of applied and theoretical sciences.
German universities are considered one of the most powerful universities in the world, they attract the attention of many students from all over the world, and the proportion of foreign students in German universities is estimated at 14%, due to the strength of universities and their education.
The system and job opportunities offered by the university or state after graduation, there are 45 German universities in the QS ranking of the best universities in the world.
There are many international scholarships that allow a student to study in Germany, such as the Erasmus+ scholarship, a scholarship offered by the European Commission, which allows the student to study in many European countries, including Germany.
The student needs several documents such as a copy of the certificate in the original language, a copy of the English copy, a valid passport, a copy of the passport, and proof of English language proficiency (obtaining a TOEFL certificate, IELTS certificate).
Universities require most international students in the preparatory year, which is a preparatory year for the equivalence of the high school diploma and for learning German because universities require a certain level of competence.
The year is divided into several types by major, such as the M course for students wishing to study medical or engineering disciplines, or the W course for those wishing to study business administration and economics.
As for the costs they vary by city, and the estimated monthly amount a student needs is 700 to 1000 euros, including accommodation, food, health insurance, transportation and the Internet.
عدد ايام الدراسة في المانيا
يذهب الطلاب الألمان إلى المدرسة u003cstrongu003eلمدة 187-190 يومًا في العام الدراسيu003c/strongu003e ، حسب الولاية. يستمر العام الدراسي في الولايات المتحدة لمدة 180 يومًا. يحصل الطلاب الألمان على إجازة صيفية مدتها ستة أسابيع فقط ، لكن لديهم إجازات متكررة أكثر خلال العام الدراسي.u003cbru003e
كم عدد ساعات الدراسة في المانيا؟
حتى في المدرسة الابتدائية ، يقضي الطلاب ما لا يقل عن نصف ساعة في أداء الواجبات المنزلية كل يوم (المعروف باسم Hausaufgaben). تم تصميم التعليم في ألمانيا لتزويد الطلاب بـ 20 إلى 30 ساعة من الدروس في الأسبوع.