Studying a Abitur in Germany requires a set of conditions that every student has to familiarize themselves with.
In order to gain university admission to a German university, you must have your degree recognized in Germany.
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- What is the Apetor (German High School)?
- What does the Abitur consist of?
- What are the minimum grades to pass Abitur?
- What is the German Abitur International Diploma (DIAP)?
- What is the International Bachelor (IB) and Bilingual International Baccalaureate (BIB)?
- What is the European Baccalaureate Diploma (EB Diploma)?
- Why do I need a German Abitur?
- What if I am an international or foreign student and I do not have an Apetor?
- What is the Feststellungsprüfung assessment test?
- What is "Studienkollegs"?
- How do I get into Studienkolleg?
- What are the types of university admission in Germany?
- DAAD Database on Admission Requirements
- Anabin Database on Evaluation of Education Certificates
- International Office of the University in Germany
What is the Apetor (German High School)?
The Abitur is known as a high school and is also called a high school diploma and the Abiture is one of the recognized certificates in Germany.
It is a certificate obtained by the graduate of the German school both inside Germany and abroad after completing 12-13 academic years in a row and succeeding in passing the final exam, which is known as "Abiturprüfung".
Abitur is an internationally accepted certification. When you get Abitur you can complete your studies in Germany or anywhere in the world.
Abitur contains information about the student's level of education (degree) and some subjects such as: language, literature, arts, social sciences, mathematics, natural sciences and technology.
What does the Abitur consist of?
The German high school diploma shows the student's grades for two years of secondary education as well as passing the Abitur exam.
At least two basic subjects must have been studied intensively "Leistungskurse" and one of the two subjects must be language, mathematics or natural sciences The second subject must be taught as a basic subject "Grundkurse".
What are the minimum grades to pass Abitur?
The total final score of the exam is 6 and the minimum points to pass is 300.
What is the German Abitur International Diploma (DIAP)?
It is an educational certificate obtained by the student when he passes a final exam as a graduate of a German school from outside Germany.
The diploma has been offered since 2009 and the student obtains it by passing an oral or written exam in a foreign language in addition to a seminar that is presented to students.
What is the International Bachelor (IB) and Bilingual International Baccalaureate (BIB)?
IB and BIB are internationally recognised qualifications and you can obtain them from the IBO.
It is therefore accepted as a qualification to enter universities in many countries of the world, including Germany.
The student obtains a BIB diploma through the student's study of a minimum of 6 subjects, provided that the study is in German or half of it in German, French or Spanish.
What is the European Baccalaureate Diploma (EB Diploma)?
An education certificate you can get from one of 14 European schools after passing the European Baccalaureate exam.
It is considered a qualification to join the university in Germany or any university in the world.
To obtain an EB diploma the student must pass tests of 10 to 11 exams and that baccalaureate is obtained in the last year of study.
Why do I need a German Abitur?
One of the main conditions for admission to study in Germany for higher education is the Hochschulzugangsberechtigung (HZB) or university entrance qualification.
HZB (University Entrance Qualification) is defined as a document confirming a student's school education such as Abitur and certificates of the student's academic years.
What if I am an international or foreign student and I do not have an Apetor?
If you do not have Abitur from German schools then you have a chance to be admitted.
In order to make your education and degree recognized in Germany to start academic study here, you have to take a preparatory year called "Studienkolleg".
The aim of the one-year preparatory year for the Arab student is to prepare the student for the qualifying exam for entry to the university "Feststellungsprüfung".
And all this through a test that leads him to a qualification equivalent to the German Abitur.
What is the Feststellungsprüfung assessment test?
It is an exam that a student must pass to make a recognized high school diploma to start university study here in Germany.
Its original or primary name is "Prüfung zur Feststellung der Eignung internationaler Studienbewerber für die Aufnahme eines Studiums an Hochschulen in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland"
It is translated as "an examination to assess the qualifications of international students applying to enter studies at universities of the Republic of Germany".
The student must pass the assessment test in order to apply for a bachelor's degree or a university course of study or equivalents in Germany within the field of study that each student wishes to study Fachrichtung.
To attend this exam, you are usually required to attend a preparatory course known as the "Studienkolleg" introductory lectures.
The student can also refuse to attend the preparatory course, which is known as the "Externe Feststellungsprüfung",
But this requires the student to prepare for the test himself.
The duration of the exam takes 60 minutes The student must be very serious and proficient for his preparatory course lessons and if the student decides to prepare for the test himself it is strongly recommended to consult with Studienkolleg regarding the literature that should be considered.
When a student fails to pass the assessment test, he will not be able to take the test again until 6 months after the period of his failure to pass the previous exam The maximum number you can enter for the exam is 3 times.
What is "Studienkollegs"?
Studienkolig refers to the universities of the Universitäten and the universities of applied sciences "Fachhochschulen" in Germany that offer introductory courses of one year (two semesters) in an academic and linguistic field for university students in Germany.
Depending on the student's field of study, you will take a different preparatory course.
Studienkollegs are provided by universities, colleges and universities of applied sciences in Germany for tuition fees; however, you have to make a contribution in exchange for some of the university services you will receive.
Semester fees may vary from institution to institution, because each has its own rules and regulations followed by each institution.
The student should know that not all institutions of higher education offer Studienkolleg.
Depending on the student's field of study he wants there are many specialized Studienkollegs to offer preparatory courses for the following disciplines:
- Science & Technology
- Business & Economics
- Social Sciences
At the end of this course the student is required to pass the assessment test "Feststellungsprüfung".
Upon successful passing of this exam, you will be able to study a restricted "Fachgebundene HZB" that you can apply for a bachelor's, "Statesexamen" or "diploma" in your field of study.
How do I get into Studienkolleg?
A student is exempt from attending Studienkolleg if he has a previous education recognized by the State of Germany.
When a student decides to apply for Studienkolleg you should choose Studienkolleg when applying to the university and check the admission requirements as well as the test deadlines.
Some Studienkolleg universities have the option to apply directly to the university.
Some students are required to apply online on the Uni-Assist website.
To get a seat at Studienkolleg the student must pass the academic entrance test and by passing the test, the student's mastery of the German language will be proven in the subjects in which he intends to study.
To be acquainted with taking the entrance test, the student must provide proof of German proficiency at level B1. This can be done by submitting a recognized German language certificate such as a DSH or TestDaF certificate.
Depending on the level of education and what the student intends to study, he will have to pass an entrance test.
He must therefore take a test called T-Entrance which includes German, mathematics, physics, chemistry, technology, English or technical drawing.
If the student intends to study technology, social sciences or business, he must pass the W-Entrance test, which includes German, mathematics, economics, accounting, social studies and English.
What are the types of university admission in Germany?
Direct Acceptance HZB:
This means that the student can apply directly to the university he wants in Germany and usually includes a high school diploma which is equivalent to the German Abitur certificate.
Indirect Admission HZB:
Indirect admission is made upon taking Studienkolleg and passing the entrance test. By passing the assessment test you will receive a university qualification for the discipline in which you wish to study, which usually applies if the degree is not recognized in Germany.
HZB General Admission:
If you are going to get general admission from HZB it means that the student can study all subjects and within all higher education institutions in Germany.
The student can only apply to study in some subjects of study which are social and economic sciences, medicine, biology, humanities and languages.
DAAD Database on Admission Requirements
Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (DAAD) database: is an official online tool containing information about the equivalence of school diplomas with the German Abitur.
This is by specifying the country where the student obtained his high school diploma and through this he will receive specific information about the level of recognition or not from Germany.
Anabin Database on Evaluation of Education Certificates
Anabin Database: It is available online and available in German only and provides information about the educational certificates of each foreign country.
Whether the certificate is recognized or not and if it is not recognized will help the student about making his degree recognized in Germany.
International Office of the University in Germany
It is also through him that the student can find out whether his degree is recognized or not in Germany and write down the desired questions and send them in an email.
This is done through the use of the form that is located in the communication section of the official university webpage.
Here it is the university that determines whether the student's degree is recognized or not.