Political terminology in German

Political terminology in German

Political terminology in German from the Knowledge Cave website explains about 750 political terms for children of primary school age

Current questions from young readers on the site are answered by experts and are included in the lexicon.

Political terminology in German
Political terminology in German

MPs Abgeordnete

Wieso gibt es Abgeordnete? Why are there deputies?

Citizens of a city or country cannot at the same time decide which policy to take. They therefore elect women or men to represent them in Parliament for a certain period of time. Parliament can be Bundestag , Landtag , City or Municipal Council.

Was machen Abgeordnete? What do MPs do?

In Parliament, members of Parliament must make decisions in favor of their constituents as much as possible. Most MPs belong to one party, but that doesn't have to be. There are also parliamentarians without a party. The most important part of parliamentary work takes place in working groups and committees. For example, there are tips on what young people should look like or health policy.

Diäten Financial Compensation

Financial compensation for deputies who do not exercise their normal function for a certain period of time is called "Diäten".

Abschiebung Deportation of Aliens

Abschiebung Deportation of Aliens

Abschwung/Rezession Deflation/Stagnation

Meaning of the term

The economy of the state must grow so that the state can continue to develop. If there is no temporary further growth in the economy, one speaks of "stalemate" or "traffic congestion". But when the economic situation deteriorates, the country is in a state of contraction. This is also called "stagnation".

Folgen einer Rezession Consequences of a recession

Deflation often means that companies make less and lay off employees. Then the number of those who must be supported by the state increases. The state has to sink into debt and can no longer assume all public tasks, for example the construction or expansion of traffic roads.

In the event of a recession, the government tries to stimulate the economy again. These actions are called "economic policy". For example, taxes can be reduced. Then companies can produce cheaper. After that, people have more money in their pockets again so they can shop more. This is good for the economy.

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Absolutismus Tyranny

Form of government in the seventeenth/eighteenth century

Today's queens are like the Queen of England or Felipe VI. Don't make political decisions alone in Spain. Parliaments and popularly elected governments determine policy in these countries. This was different at a time when absolutism was the dominant form of government. Authoritarianism developed in Europe after the end of the Thirty Years' War (1648) and ended with the French Revolution (1789).

Unumschränkte Herrscher Unrestrained rulers

One ruler, the king, ruled absolutely without resistance. He stood above the people and all the laws, and felt that God had chosen him for this work. The saying of Louis XIV, nicknamed the "King of the Sun", is famous and distinctive for this form of government. This absolute ruler declared: "I am the state" (in French, because the king spoke in French: "L'état c'est moi").

Adel Al , Nabil

Agenda 21 Agenda 21

Nachhaltigkeit Sustainability

In 1992, the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development was held in the city of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). 172 countries and many NGOs have adopted goals and measures to ensure that people continue to enjoy a good life in the future, so sustainability is at the center of the agenda. Agenda 21 describes social, economic and environmental goals. Among other things, people are asked not to meet their energy and other raw material needs at the expense of future generations, and primitive forests should not be cut down simply because the global climate is being damaged as a result.

Arbeit in Städten und Gemeinden Work in cities and towns

Agenda 21 is the programme of Governments and large organizations. However, states need to help municipalities and cities in their countries to implement the goals. This is the number of local Agenda 21 programs that have emerged. These follow the motto "Think globally – work locally". In the meantime there is the follow-up agenda "Agenda 2030". It has been in force since January 1, 2016.

The name

"Agenda" means "agenda" and the number 21 refers to the twenty-first century.

Agrarpolitik Agricultural Policy

Politik für die Landwirtschaft Agriculture Policy

Agricultural policy encompasses all political actions that affect agriculture. This applies to the production of agricultural products, but also to the working conditions of farmers. Agricultural policy is an important area of policy because food, animal feed or power generation products are of great value to the general public. There are also problems with planting again and again. Climate, weather disasters, animal diseases or pests can reduce farmers' yields.

In the worst-case scenario, even the harvest or emergency slaughter of animals can be lost. The agricultural policy of the Government as well as the European Union therefore seeks to provide assistance in such problems. Tax cuts, grants and special import rules are intended to ensure this

Other areas of agricultural policy

Landscape conservation, forest management and nature conservation are part of agriculture. A successful and sustainable agricultural policy therefore has two important tasks. On the one hand, it ensures the possibility of using nature, for example, for food production. But they also make sure the environment is protected.

Names of paint tools in German

Ahnentafel/Stammbaum Pedigree/Family Tree

Ahnentafel/Stammbaum Pedigree/Family Tree

Which family am I from? What are the names of my grandparents and their grandparents? How do you relate me to Aunt Elissa? In order to get an overview of who the ancestors of a person are, the ancestral valley is often created. By descent, you look at your family's past. Who was born in the family before me and who lived before me? In addition to parents and grandparents, these include, for example, great-grandparents or elder uncles and aunts. These proportions can go back far in the past. So look back on your own.

Aktien Participates

Rights are obtained

The term "participation" comes from the Latin word "actio", which means something like "act". Class certificate. He testifies to his owner that he saved a certain amount of money for the company. This company is called in short "Aktiengesellschaft" or "AG". It's called the shareholder.

Aktiengesellschaft Foundation

General Company Rules

In a stock company, also called AG, people who want to do business together or start a company come together. There are legal provisions for the establishment of the AG. You determine what the structure of the working group should look like, who manages it, who is in charge, etc.

Aktuelle Stunde Current Clock

The need for discussion

Members of the Bundestag sometimes want to discuss a topic with each other in a short time. There is also the "current clock". This is done before the Bundestag session. A parliamentary group or a certain number of deputies can request such an hour. There are also current hours in many state parliaments.

Alliierte Allies

Allies in World War II

The word comes from Latin and means "allies" or "allies". When one speaks of "allies", one usually means the United States, Great Britain, France and the Soviet Union. They fought together against Germany and its allies in World War II. After the end of World War II, these Allies were the victorious powers. Each of the four victorious powers controlled part of Germany. These were the "Allied occupation zones".

Allmende /Almende General

Explanation of terms

Common land is a very old legal term. "Common land" means land usable since the Middle Ages that belongs to a village. It can be used as a collective property by farmers in the village. Everyone, for example, can let their cows graze there. In the Middle Ages there were village commons in many areas. Today they are located only in the Alpine regions and in parts of Bavaria.

Amnestie amnesty

Explanation of terms

The word pardon is translated from ancient Greek, meaning "forgetfulness" and "forgiveness". In today's language, amnesty means that the state or its government refrains from punishing people who have committed a particular crime.

German Political Texts

  • der Ministerpräsident(en)/die Ministerpräsidentin(nen) Prime Minister(s)
  • der Bundeskanzler(-)/die Bundeskanzlerin(nen) Federal Chancellor(s)
  • das Bundeszentralamt für Steuern [BzSt] Central Federal Tax Office [BzSt]
  • der Bundesrat(äe) Senate of the German Parliament(äe)
  • der Bundestag(e) House of Representatives of the German Parliament
  • das Grundgesetz(kein) Constitution of Germany
  • das Bundesland(äer) Federal state
  • die DDR / Deutsche Demokratische Republik GDR (East Germany)
  • der Bundespräsident(en)/die Bundespräsidentin(nen) Federal President


Political terminology in German

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