Medical terms in German

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Medical terms in German

Medical terms in German
Medical terms in German

Aminosalizylsäure aminosalicylic acid

The anti-inflammatory agent contains sulfasalazine, mesalazine, olsalazine and is used to treat chronic inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis.

a-/an a-/a

A prefix with a negative meaning, for example b. His uncle, loss of sense of smell, etc.

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Absence Absence

Derived from the English language "absence". Absence, as the mildest form of generalized seizures, is also known as pause in consciousness. Those affected suddenly stare into space without being friendly. Actions that are currently being performed or spoken sentences are interrupted. It is usually not remembered by those infected. Heavier forms are complex and atypical absences.

absolute Arrhythmie absolute arrhythmia

Complete arrhythmias: irregular contraction of the chambers of the heart, as a result of which they are no longer sufficiently filled with blood and can lose pumping function.

Abszess abscess

The accumulation of pus in a cavity is caused by the destruction of tissues.

Acarbose Acarbose

A drug that lowers blood sugar and is used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus

ACE-Hemmer Ice Hummer

Drugs that lower blood pressure by blocking a special enzyme called angiotensin-converting enzyme. It is also used in cases of heart attack and heart failure. The main active ingredients are ramipril, enalapril, lisinopril and captopril.

Aceton Acetone

The product of waste burning fat. If excreted in the urine and breath, it emits the smell of rotten fruit and nail polish

Acetylcholin messenger (neurotransmitter)

A messenger substance (neurotransmitter) that is released at the nerve endings and enables the transmission of excitation. Many important functions of the human body, such as the transmission of excitation between nerves and muscles, are associated with acetylcholine as a messenger substance.

Mathematics terminology in German

Acetylcholinesterase Acetylcholinestrase

Acetylcholinesterase Acetylcholinestrase

An enzyme that breaks down the messenger acetylcholine and thus inhibits its effect.

Acetylcholinesterase-Hemmer Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors

Drugs that inhibit the decomposition of acetylcholine (see there) by inhibiting acetylcholinesterase and thus prolonging the effect of acetylcholine.

Hotel terminology in German

Acetylsalicylsäure (ASS) acetylsalicylsäure acid (ASA)

Painkillers and antipyretics. It also acts as a platelet inhibitor and is used to prevent blood clots and thus disturbances of blood circulation to the heart and brain.

Aciclovir Acyclovir

A drug that prevents the reproduction of viruses (antiviral).

Acne vulgaris acne

A common form of acne with increased secretion of sebum and keratinization of hair follicles, especially in adolescents. Frequent appearances on the face, chest and back.

ACR-Kriterien ACR Standards

Standards of the American College of Rheumatology for the classification and identification of rheumatic diseases.

Islamic terms in German

Acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans Herxheimer Acrodermatitis chronic atrophic Herxheimer

Acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans Herxheimer Acrodermatitis chronic atrophic Herxheimer

Changes in the skin that can occur in the late stage of Lyme disease. The bluish color turns brown and swelling typically – often on the extensor sides of the forearms and legs as well as on the hands. Subsequently, thinning and regression (atrophy) of the skin and soft tissues often occur. The skin becomes thin from cigarette paper and wrinkles, often bluish and the veins become more protruding.

ACTH (Kortikotropin) ACTH (corticotropin)

The hormone that forms in the pituitary gland and that stimulates the adrenal cortex, among other things, to produce glucucocorticoids (see there). It has an important function in metabolism, such as increasing fat loss, storing cortisol in tissues or stimulating melanocytes.

additive Therapie Additional treatment

Somewhat additional preventive measures.

Adenom adenoma

Hypergrowth that arises from the mucous membrane or from glandular tissue, which is initially benign but can turn into a malignant form.

Adenom-Karzinom-Sequenz Cancer Adenoma Sequence

The term refers to the sequence of genetic changes that turn a benign adenoma in the large intestine into malignant cancer of the colon and rectum (colon cancer).

ADH (antidiuretisches Hormon) ADH (antidiuretic hormone)

Synchronous: vasopressin, desmopressin. A hormone secreted by the pituitary gland that regulates the secretion of water through the kidneys. It is poured when thirsty or when there is a shortage of volume. This means that more water is kept in the body. If there is a deficiency of hormone (ADH), an increased amount of urine is produced.

adjunktive Therapie as an adjuvant therapy

Complementary therapy

adjuvante Therapie adjuvation therapy

"Supportive" therapy aims, in addition to initial treatment (for example, surgery), to remove any residual tumor that may still exist. This can be radiation therapy, chemotherapy (cell inhibition) or hormone therapy.

Adrenalin Adrenaline

Rasul substance is formed in the adrenal marrow, which is also known as the stress hormone. Adrenaline makes the body excited: the heart beats faster, blood pressure rises, and the airways expand.

adult adult

Adult; mature.

Aescin Essen

The active ingredient aescin consists of a mixture of about 30 individual substances obtained from horse chestnut seeds. Isin has an antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, anti-swelling effect and has a diuretic effect. It is used to treat edema and swelling.

Aggregation Compilation

Agglomeration, accumulation

Aggregations-Hemmer aggregation inhibitors

Agglomeration inhibitors, eg platelets (platelets, see also platelet function inhibitors)

agitierte depression Irritated depression

A form of depression, in which the patient does not fall into a state of lethargy, but is desperate and with very extreme anxiety walks back and forth.

Agitiertheit excitement

Incitement and physical insomnia

Agnosie inability

Inability to (re)recognize sensory perception despite the normal function of sensory organs

Agoraphobie Agoraphobie Agoraphobie

It was previously also known as "claustrophobia". Fear of situations, situations or sites that cannot be left or avoided with great difficulty in the event of a panic attack

Agrafie Inability to write

Inability to write despite normal hand function and thinking

AHB abbreviation for follow-up treatment

AIDS Immunodeficiency

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is caused by infection with the HI virus.

Akalkulie inability to calculate

Inability to calculate (even simple tasks with numbers less than 100)

aktive Immunisierung Active Immunization

Give killed or weakened pathogens that lead to the formation of antibodies in the body. Active immunization (sometimes only after multiple vaccinations) often leads to long-term immunity to this pathogen. Effective immunization can be done by injection or oral vaccination through the nose or skin.

aktivierte Arthrose active osteoporosis

Inflammatory reaction of the joint due to osteoporosis.

Aktortechnologie converts electricity into another form of energy

Motors convert electricity into another form of energy, such as motion or light. Motors include speakers, lamps and motors.

Akupunktur Acupunktur

Part of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM, see there). Acupuncture needles are punctured at different depths along the so-called meridians (see there) at fixed points on the surface of the body, where active disturbances within the organism are balanced and individual organ systems are stimulated or diluted.

Akustisch regarding hearing

akustische Agnosie Inability to (re)recognize what has been heard

Inability to (re)recognize what has been heard (noise, music, etc.) despite the normal function of the ears

akut start or appear suddenly

the onset or sudden appearance is usually for a short time, going violently; Contrast: chronic

Akute-Phase-Proteine proteins in the blood that arise in acute inflammation

Proteins in the blood that arise in acute inflammation or in the acute stage of chronic inflammation.

Akuttherapie/Akutversorgung Immediate Treatment

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Medical terms in German

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