Islamic terms in German

Islamic terms in German

Islamic terms in German
Islamic terms in German

Ahl al-bait Ahl Al-Bait

Ahl al-Bayt (in Arabic Ahl al-Bayt, "Ahl al-Bayt", Turkish Ehli Beyt) is a term used in pre- and early Islamic times to describe the ruling family of an Arab tribe or society. In early Islamic times, for example, this term was used for the Umayyad family. In later times, the Abbasids also referred to this term. Today it is used almost exclusively for the family or descendants of the Prophet Muhammad, since the boundaries of this group of people are drawn differently depending on the direction of study and doctrine.

Ahl al-kisā' Ahl al-Kisa

Ahl al-kisā' Ahl al-Kisa

The people of the abaya (Ahl al-Kisa, DMG Ahl al-Kisa'a) are those who were under the mantle of the Prophet Muhammad when he read the Qur'an verse 33:33. These are Muhammad, Ali ibn Abi Talib, his daughter Fatima, his grandsons Hassan and Hussein. People of boyhood / people of Abba or owners of clothing / owners of clothing / .

Ahl al-kitāb Ahl al-Kitab

Ahl al-kitāb (People of the Book, Book Owners) is a term used in the Qur'an, Hadith and Islamic law to refer to Jews and Christians. The sayings about the People of the Book in the Qur'an are contradictory. While in some places the religious similarity between the People of the Book and Muslims is emphasized (Surah 3:64, Surah 29:46), in many others a distinction is made between the few People of the Book who are mostly bad,

Allāh Allah

Allah signifies the Abrahamic god in Arabic. It is likely that the word evolved in the form of an elliptical syllable when the articles al- (the 'der, die, das') and ilāh (god / 'God, god') came together, which must be interpreted as "god (in itself) "and thus corresponds to the principle of monotheism (Arabic monotheism, , unity [of God]"). In Islam, the word is also used as a proper name for God.

Ansār Ansar

Ansar are followers of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad from the city of Yathrib (later Medina), who welcomed him and his followers from Mecca, nicknamed as, to their city in 622. They consisted mainly of the Arab tribes of Khazardash and Aws, who settled with other Jewish tribes of Yathrib during this period.

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ʿAqīda Doctrine

Faith (Arabic faith) is an Arabic term generally used for a particular faith faith, but in the narrow sense refers to a doctrine in which the sum total beliefs of a Muslim or a particular Islamic group are summarized.

ʿAqīqa

The word garnet refers to the slaughter of the sacrifice and the sacrificial animal itself and is a solemn event on the seventh day of the life of the newborn. It includes slaughtering the sacrifice, shaving his hair and naming if not. Aqeeqa is a form of charity as well as the Sunnah of the Prophet and it is widely spread in the Islamic society

Aschura Ashura

Aschura Ashura

Ashura (Ashura Ashura Arabic, ʿāšūrā of ten signs, Ashura' in Ashura in Urdu and Persian, and in English texts also Ashura) is called the tenth day of the month of Muharram in the Islamic calendar of the first month. This day is important to many Muslims around the world and is celebrated in different ways.

Āya Aya

In the Qur'an, one generally calls a verse in the surah. The basic meaning of the word is "sign", "miracle" or "proof". These are signs in nature in which the power of God, the events of its author are shown by a prophet, and signs—past and future—that the prophet conveys them as a revelation from God.

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Baiʿa sale

It is a political ritual of Islam in which an individual or group of people pledge allegiance and loyalty to a ruler. The example here is the promise of loyalty made by the early Muslims to the Prophet Muhammad. Allegiance in many respects corresponds to an oath of allegiance or reverence for Western political culture.

Basmala Basmala

It is an Arabic dua formula that appears, with one exception, at the beginning of each surah of the Qur'an and still plays a very important role in the worship and daily life of Muslims to this day. It reads: In the name of Allah, the Most Merciful, the Most Merciful. [1] The Merciful and the Merciful are also the first two of God's ninety-nine names. Rahman was also one of the main names of God in the monotheistic religions of the Arabian Peninsula before Islam.

Bidʿa Fad

It is a concept in theology and Islamic jurisprudence that distinguishes a religious heresy that cannot be traced back to the Qur'an and Sunnah, but is based solely on humanitarian considerations. In principle, such innovations are considered unacceptable, but there is also the concept of "good innovation". This is especially prevalent in the Hanafi Law School. Innovations that do not contain religious content in general are not problematic.

Charidschiten Kharijites

A religious and political opposition movement in the early days of Islam emerged at the time of the uprising after the assassination of the third caliph Uthman ibn Affan in 656. The two terms derived from the obscure Arabic verb ḫaraǧa ("get out, separate yourself, go out to fight, rebel") are, however, only foreign names. The members of the movement themselves mostly referred to themselves as "self-selling", a name derived from the principle of sail, which had an important meaning for them.

Chatīb fiancé

It is the name of the Islamic preacher who bears Predigt ("sermon") during Friday prayers or Eid prayers on the occasion of Eid al-Nahr or Iftar. This is usually the imam of the mosque in question.

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Chutba Sermon

Also called the "Friday sermon" in German, the sermon is described during the weekly Friday prayers for Muslims or during Eid prayers (Eid prayers) on the occasion of the Islamic holiday of al-Fitr and Eid al-Nahr. It serves spiritual structure and moral perfection.

Daddschāl Antichrist

She is a figure in the science of the last things in Islam who is supposed to appear before the "Day of Judgment". It is similar to Antichrist and to the Jewish traditions of Armilus.

Daʿwa Invitation

It is an Arabic term that generally encompasses a wide range of meanings ("call, call, call, proclaim, propaganda, supplication, wish of grace")[1], but in today's specific sense mostly "call to Islam" or "call to God" in the form of apostolic activity.

Dhikr Male

In Islamic culture, one understands a meditative practice of contemplation of the perception of God. In Sufism in particular, this meditative exercise is performed very intensively (by Sufis or dervishes). Different Sufi ways differ in the way these rituals are performed.

Dhimma edema

It is one of the institutions of Islamic law, which determines the legal status of the "guardians" of non-Muslims "dhimmis, dhimmis/dhimmis, dhimmi/shamma, shami under Islamic rule. The definition of "dhimma" and the legal treatment of wings in Islamic law for war and aliens were created in the second century Islamic (eighth century AD)

Dīn Dean

Religion (Arabic religion) is a key term in Islam that appears in many places of the Qur'an and can be reproduced in the basic sense of both "religion", "belief".

Dschinn Jinn

In the Islamic concept it is an object created from a "smokeless fire"[1] that has an understanding and inhabits the world with other jinns as well as humans, demons and angels. Djinns become visible only to people in exceptional situations. It is widely believed that Djinns can enter people's bodies and drive them crazy. [2] Djinns came from ancient Arab beliefs before Islam to Islamic beliefs, as mentioned several times in the Qur'an. With Islam, faith in jinn spread beyond the Eastern Arab culture region.

Dschāhilīya ignorant

It is an Arabic term taken from the vocabulary of the Qur'an, which in common usage refers to the time of ancient Arab paganism before Islam, and its exact meaning is unclear. The characteristic derived from this is ignorant (ignorant/shahli); accordingly, for example, the poetry (poetry) of pre-Islamic Arabs is called shir jahilī (ignorant poetry/khir shahli) in Arabic literary historiography. [1] In the Salafi tradition of thought, which is based on the writings of the Hanbali scholar Ibn Taymiyyah, the term does not refer to a period of time, but rather a condition that can occur at any time if society departs from Islam.

Dschizya Jizya

Jizya (Arabic Jizya, DMG ǧizya, Voting Tax, Jizya, Ottoman Jizye Jizye) is the name of the tax imposed on non-Muslim nationals (dhimmi) under Islamic rule.

Duʿā Duaa

Islam refers to the personal form of supplication or thanksgiving. Dua can be said at any time of the day or night, unlike prayer, which is a ritual prayer prescribed to a Muslim at specific times. One can also draw a clear comma from the male, which is more internally oriented, while attaching the dua to a formulated request.

Fanā' courtyard

It is the Islamic expression of "the evaporation of material existence" or "the disappearance of the self." Artna means "die before you die"[2] and symbolizes the extinction of the lower ego and the return to the oneness of God. Whoever has attained this state of enlightenment is aware of the oneness of God and all that exists, including the soul of each individual.

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Islamic terms in German

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