Learn questioning tools in German easily

Learning questioning tools in basic German in German will help you engage more with others and develop your language skills.

Conversations should be two-way, and the more questions you ask, the faster you learn.

Using the German question words in this tutorial, you will be able to ask a question about the cost of something, where the person comes from, and more. Let's get started!

Questioning tools in German
Questioning tools in German

Questioning tools in German

To ask basic questions in German, you'll need to memorize some new vocabulary. Here are eight German question words that you can use in your daily conversation.

  • Wo (where)
  • Woher (from where)
  • Wohin (to where)
  • Wann (when)
  • Was (what)
  • Wer (from)
  • Wie (how)
  • Warum (why)

You may notice that there are multiple ways to ask questions with the word "where". Depending on the context of what you are asking for, the word you use for "where" will vary. Check out the following sentences for examples of their use.

  • Wo wohnst du? (Where do you live?)
  • Woher kommst du? (Where are you from?)
  • Wohin gehst du diesen Sommer? (Where are you going this summer?)
  • Wann fliegst du nach Deutschland? (When to fly to Germany?)
  • Was machst du dieses Wochenende?(What are you going to do this weekend?)
  • Wer ist das? (Who is that?)
  • Wie alt bist du? (How old are you?)
  • Warum gehst du nach Hause? (Why are you going home?)

All German question words begin with the letter "W". Remember to pronounce the letter "W" in German as well as "V" in English.

You also need to remember that in German, questions may be formulated a little differently than you are used to. For example, when you want to know someone's name in English, you ask: What is your name?

This example uses the word "what". But in German, you can use the word wie, which means "how". For example: Wie ist dein name? (Literally: How's your name?) You can also ask: Wie heißt du? (Literally: How to claim?).

How to form sentences with German question words

How to form sentences with German question words

To organize a question in German using your newly acquired vocabulary, you should start with the word question first. Then you will add the action reflected in the second position, and then at the end – the actor.

If there is anything else inside the question, it will follow the topic. For example:

Wohin gehst du? (Where to go?)

In this sentence, Wohin (to where) is the word question, gehst (go) is the movable verb, and du (you) is the actor.

Here's another example:

Warum wohnt er jetzt in Deutschland? (Why does he live in Germany now?)

Here, Warum (why) is the word question, wohnt (direct) is the verb, er (is) is the actor. Jetzt in Deutschland (now in Germany) is the rest of the information, which will always last remain.

Differences between German and English questions

Differences between German and English questions

As you can see, the sentence structure for the composition of basic questions in German differs from English. In German you have the word question, then the verb, then the actor. But in English, we use actual sentences that are divided with the subject.

Let's return to the example above:

Wohin gehst du? (Where to go?)

In the English version, you have the word "where" first. Then "be", which is the first part of the verb phrase, followed by the subject, "you". Finally, the second part of the verb phrase – "Go" – completes the question.

When asking a question in German, these verb phrases are not necessary. This is because in German, the conjugation of the present tense can be explained in three different ways in English. For example, er wohnt translates to:

  • He lives
  • He does live
  • He is living

For this reason, German questions may seem to be missing one or two elements when compared to their English counterparts. But it's actually simpler than the questions in English.

Names of animals in German with pictures(for children)

10 basic questions in German

Now that you know how to form questions, there will be nothing stopping you! To start practicing your skills, here are 10 basic questions in German that every beginner should know. Try to figure out the literal meaning of each sentence for further training.

  • Wie geht es dir?(How are you?)
  • Woher kommst du? (Where are you from?)
  • Wie spät ist es? (How many hours?)
  • Wie ist das Wetter? (How's the weather?)
  • Wie weit ist es? (How far is it?)
  • Wo sind die Toiletten? (Where are the toilets?)
  • Wo kann ich _____ kaufen?(Where can I buy _______?)
  • Was kostet das?(How much is it?)
  • Wo finde ich ein Geldautomat? (Where can I find an ATM?)
  • Wann fährt den Zug/das Flugzeug ab? (When does the train/plane leave?)

Wer, wie, was…? German Question Words

Wer (from)

The most important thing here is not to confuse the German word wer with the English "where". Yes, they look similar. They are even kind of sounds alike. But the word wer means "whom". No exceptions.

Wer ist die Bundeskanzlerin?(Who is the Chancellor of Germany?)

Was (what)

This is probably a little easier. It has this similar thing in it, so there's not much you can confuse it with. Just make sure you pronounce it in the voice of S. This word does not have a Z sound like the English verb "was".

Was hast du gestern gemacht? (What did you do yesterday?)

Wann (when)

Again, the similarities between English and German will lead you in the right direction here. Follow your instincts.

Wann hast du Geburtstag?(When is your birthday?)

 

Wo (where)

Only when you think it will be intuitive from now on, the other shoe falls. Wo is very similar to the English word "who", right? I caught you. Wo is actually "where". For this reason, the tendency to confuse wo/wer for whom/where was the curse of the beginning of the existence of German students for generations. Do not worry. You will get them directly through adequate training.

Wo ist meine Brille? (Where are my glasses?)

Wieso, weshalb, warum (why)

Yes, there are several ways to say that. You're likely to learn warum first, which is more common than others, but don't let others confuse you when you bump into them. There's not much difference in meaning between these three, although if you ask a native German speaker, he might walk around a little bit about how there are slight differences that you don't need to master yet.

In addition, if you have already listened to the song "Sesamstraße", then this should already sound familiar. The full song from the beginning of this post goes Wieso, Weshalb, Warum? / Wer nicht fragt, bleibt dumm! (Why, why, why? / Who doesn't ask stays stupid!)

Wieso/weshalb/warum bist du hier? (Why are you here?)

Wie (how)

Unlike English, which contains "how" as the half-brother of the 5 W language compatible with other sentences, German uses consistent W letters all the way through question words. "How" in most cases you can think of. This includes "km" and "km", which can be frustratingly similar, so watch out.

Wie hast du das gemacht? (How did you do that?)

Wie viel kostet das? (How much does this cost?)

Wie viele Geschwister hast du? (How many siblings do you have?)

ما الفرق بين Wohin و WO؟

Wohin. الألمانية لديها كلمتان سؤاليتان لسؤال u0022أينu0022. واحد هو wo؟ ويستخدم عند السؤال عن موقع شخص ما أو شيء ما. الآخر هو wohin؟ ويستخدم هذا عند السؤال عن الحركة أو الاتجاه ، كما في u0022إلى أينu0022. u003cbru003eu003cbru003e

كيف تطرح الأسئلة باللغة الالمانية؟

لطرح سؤال باللغة الألمانية ، ما عليك سوى تبديل الفعل والفاعل ، على سبيل المثال: u003cbru003eDu isst. –أنت تأكل .u003cbru003eIsst du؟ – هل تأكل؟u003cbru003eSie fahren rechts. يقودون على اليمين.u003cbru003eFahren sie rechts? هل يقودون على اليمين؟

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8 basic German words for questions and how to use them

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