Names of fruits and vegetables in German

These days, sugar is at everything. But the first sugar refinery was not built in Germany until 1573, so what did the Germans do before that?

Well, they had to sweeten their food with other things, especially fruit. Thus, German cuisine is characterized by a long list of desserts that are still made from fruit to this day.

For this reason, eating out or shopping for groceries in German-speaking countries can be difficult if you don't know a lot of fruit-related vocabulary.

Names of fruits and vegetables in German
Names of fruits and vegetables in German

In this blog post, I'm going to teach you how to say 20 of the most used fruits and six popular fruit dishes. In the end, you will be able to confidently figure out what to eat and, most importantly, what to try next.

Names of fruits and vegetables in German

Traditionally, German speakers ate fruit that grew in the temperate climate of their country. Today, this fruit is still what you will see grow in gardens or in the local farmers' market.

Of course, in a modern German grocery store, you will also find fruits from all over the world. German-speaking countries import fruit from many different climates these days, and this fruit has also been incorporated into the daily diets of the German people.

It goes without saying that knowing how to talk about fruit in German is a skill that every learner needs to acquire.

To help with your study of German fruits, why not learn them in a fun, memorable and effective way?

der Apfel  The apple

der Apfel Apple

Plural: die Äpfel

Apples grow easily in Central Europe. In fact, the best apple I ate was from the tree right in Cummins, Saxony. They are ready to harvest in early autumn, so they make up a large part of holiday dishes.

You will also find the famous drink Apfelschorle in German-speaking countries – a soft drink made from apple juice.

Example

Die Äpfel sind reif. (Ripe apples.)

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Strawberries die Erdbeere

Plural: die Erdbeeren (strawberry)

If you have seen strawberry plants before, you know that they grow across the ground, hence their name. Erdbeere literally means "raspberry earth".

Example

Ich habe auf die Erdbeere getreten. (I stepped on strawberries.)

die Blaubeere (grapes)

die Blaubeere (grapes)

Collection: die Blaubeeren (blueberry)

Example

Im Sommer können wir Blaubeeren pflücken. In the summer we can pick blueberries.

die Brombeere (black raspberry)

Plural: die Brombeeren

Along with strawberries and blueberries, you'll find cranberries growing in Germany's temperate climate. Be careful, although their pricking may injure your skin or clothes.

Example

Iche habe ein paar Brombeeren in den Kuchen gelegt. I put some black berries in the cake.

die Himbeere  (Blackberry)

Plural: die Himbeeren (raspberry)

Another type of berry grows naturally in Germany.

The difference between raspberries and blackberries is that the berries are a large tree without thorns, whileblackberries are a climbing prickly shrub up to two meters high.

Example

Ich könnte ein Kilogramm Himbeeren essen.I can eat a pound of berries.

die Moosbeere (cherry)

Plural: die Mo Glosbeeren (cranberry)

Technically, the word Mo Glosbeere refers to European cranberries. However, agricultural production of this variety is minimal.


Most of the cranberries consumed in Germany are imported from America. The technical name of these is Großfrüchtige Mo Glosbeere, but most German speakers refer to them as "Mo Glosbeeren."

Example

Moosbeeren sind mir zu sauer.(Cranberries are too sour for me).

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die Kirsche (cherry)


Plural: die Kirschen

Besides apples, cherries are one of the most important fruits in German culture (sweet cherries are the most common species). It grows in southern Germany, especially in Baden-Württemberg.

Example

Ich hätte gerne eine Kirsche mit meinem Eis. (I want a cherry with my ice cream.)

die Traube  (Grapes)

Plural: die Trauben

Germany is a very fertile wine country in the West. In addition, its neighboring countries, Austria and Switzerland, are famous for their vineyards. Popular German grape varieties include Gewürztraminer and Riesling.


Example

Sie zerdrücken die Trauben. They mash grapes.

die Orange (orange)

Plural: die Orangen

Germany is too cold to grow oranges, but this does not prevent local Germans from eating them. They eat ordinary oranges and use juice and peel to taste dishes.

Example

Diese Orange hat eine dicke Schale.(These oranges have a thick peel.)

die Pflaume (plum)

Plural: die Pflaumen

Plums grow in the wild in many parts of Germany, with their sweet taste and refreshing texture making them popular.

Example

Bitte nimm die Pflaumen aus dem Kühlschrank.(Please remove the plum from the refrigerator.)

die Birne  (pear)

Plural: die Birnen

Like apples, pears grow easily in Germany and play an important role in their culture.

Example

In dieser Birne steckt ein Wurm. (There is a worm in this pear.)

die Banane (banana)

die Banane (banana)

Plural:die Bananen

Bananas do not grow in Germany. However, since it is one of the most famous fruits in the world and easy to store, you will inevitably find it in supermarkets and restaurants.

Example

Du kannst Bananen in Smoothies legen. (You can put bananas in juices).

die Feige (fig)

Plural: die Feigen

You'll find this delicious fruit fresh and dried throughout Germany, Austria and Switzerland.

Example

Mein Opa bevorzugt getrocknete Feigen. (My grandfather prefers dried figs.)

die Ananas (pineapple)

Plural: die Ananasse

Of course, pineapple is a tropical fruit, so you will not find it growing wild in German-speaking countries. You can still get them from most supermarkets.

Example

Du bist verrückt, wenn du Ananasse auf Pizza magst.(You're banana if you like pineapple on pizza.)

der Pfirsich (Peach)

Plural: die Pfirsiche

Peach trees prefer warmer weather than Germany has to offer. As a result, German speakers usually import them from neighbors such as Italy and Spain.

Example

Die Kerne der Pfirsichen sind giftig.(Peach drilling poisonous.)

die Wassermelone (watermelon)

Plural:die Wassermelonen 

The name of this giant fruit is almost the same in English, reflecting its erotic nature.

Example

Diese Wassermelone ist so süß. (This watermelon is very sweet.)

die Zitrone  (lemon)

Plural: die Zitronen

To remember the word lemon, just think of the word "citrus fruits".

Example

Ich möchte einen Zitronenbaum in meinem Garten pflanzen. (I want to plant a lemon tree in my back yard.)

die Aprikose (apricots)

Plural: die Aprikosen

You may find dried pieces of this fruit in Müsli (similar to granola) or Studentenfutter (a kind of trail mixture).

Example

Aprikosenblüten blühen im Frühling. . (Apricot flowers bloom in the spring.)

die Granatapfel  (pomegranate)

Plural: Granatäpfel 

Pomegranate does not work well in the temperate climate of Germany. But in season, you can find them in the store.

Example

Wir haben frischen Granatapfel in Spanien gegessen. (We ate fresh pomegranate in Spain.)

die Kiwi 

Plural: die Kiwis 

Kiwi does not grow in Germany, but indigenous people still like to use it in sweets and cocktails.

Example

Mein Bruder ist allergisch gegen Kiwis. (My brother is allergic to kiwi).

6 German fruit dishes that you should pay attention to

Now that you know the names of 20 popular fruits in German, let's take a look at six popular German fruit dishes that you're likely to try in a German-speaking country.

Bratäpfel

As the name implies, this dish is made from roasted apples. Apples are cavity and then filled with sugar, spices and sometimes jam. Since apples are harvested in the fall, this is a popular winter dessert, especially on holidays.

Berliner

Although it bears the name of the German capital, this dish is actually a traditional Austrian pastry. It is made from a sweet paste stuffed with strawberries, berries, plums or cherry jam.

Rote Grütze

This dish combines many of the most common fruits in German-speaking countries. It is made from cherries, berries, strawberries and berries. The fruits are cooked with starch to form a dessert-like substance, and you can eat them with milk or cream. Next to!

Glühwein

Glühwein means melted wine. I've made some of my best memories of living in Germany, and I know I'm not alone. This drink is famous for its popularity in Weihnachtsmärkte (Christmas markets) in Germany, Austria and Alsace. Red and sometimes white wines are heated and mixed with fruits and spices, making you feel warm while exploring the markets.

Klaben Stollen

For an English speaker, Klaben Stollen is like a fruit cake. Made from dried fruit and orange peel, they are common in Bremen and traditionally eaten at Christmas.

Pflaumenkuchen

If you look closely at the name, you will see that it literally means "plum cake". This is a simple paste made of a peach covered shell. It is common in Germany, Austria and Switzerland, and is often served as a dessert after big events or dinner.

 

Now you know all the fruit you see at the grocery store or grow by the side of the road. Not only that, you know the names of common fruit-based dishes and you can find out the ingredients of many other dishes that are advertised in bakeries and restaurants.

It's clear what you should do with this new knowledge: go ahead and try some new things! Practice talking to your local baker or grocer, and you may discover your favorite new dessert.

Frequently Asked Questions

كلمة تفاح بالالماني

كلمة تفاح بالالماني

Äpfel, Äpfel, Äpfel

توت بالالماني

Blaubeere

تين بالالماني

fig in german

خوخ بالالماني

Perzik

The sources

Names of fruits and vegetables in German

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