These days, sugar is at everything. But the first sugar refinery was not built in Germany until 1573, so what did the Germans do before that?
Well, they had to sweeten their food with other things, especially fruit. Thus, German cuisine is characterized by a long list of desserts that are still made from fruit to this day.
For this reason, eating out or shopping for groceries in German-speaking countries can be difficult if you don't know a lot of fruit-related vocabulary.
In this blog post, I'm going to teach you how to say 20 of the most used fruits and six popular fruit dishes. In the end, you will be able to confidently figure out what to eat and, most importantly, what to try next.
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- Names of fruits and vegetables in German
- der Apfel The apple
- Strawberries die Erdbeere
- die Blaubeere (grapes)
- die Brombeere (black raspberry)
- die Himbeere (Blackberry)
- die Moosbeere (cherry)
- die Kirsche (cherry)
- die Traube (Grapes)
- die Orange (orange)
- die Pflaume (plum)
- die Birne (pear)
- die Banane (banana)
- die Feige (fig)
- die Ananas (pineapple)
- der Pfirsich (Peach)
- die Wassermelone (watermelon)
- die Zitrone (lemon)
- die Aprikose (apricots)
- die Granatapfel (pomegranate)
- die Kiwi
- 6 German fruit dishes that you should pay attention to
- Frequently Asked Questions
Names of fruits and vegetables in German
Traditionally, German speakers ate fruit that grew in the temperate climate of their country. Today, this fruit is still what you will see grow in gardens or in the local farmers' market.
Of course, in a modern German grocery store, you will also find fruits from all over the world. German-speaking countries import fruit from many different climates these days, and this fruit has also been incorporated into the daily diets of the German people.
It goes without saying that knowing how to talk about fruit in German is a skill that every learner needs to acquire.
To help with your study of German fruits, why not learn them in a fun, memorable and effective way?
der Apfel The apple
Plural: die Äpfel
Apples grow easily in Central Europe. In fact, the best apple I ate was from the tree right in Cummins, Saxony. They are ready to harvest in early autumn, so they make up a large part of holiday dishes.
You will also find the famous drink Apfelschorle in German-speaking countries – a soft drink made from apple juice.
Die Äpfel sind reif. (Ripe apples.)
Strawberries die Erdbeere
Plural: die Erdbeeren (strawberry)
If you have seen strawberry plants before, you know that they grow across the ground, hence their name. Erdbeere literally means "raspberry earth".
Ich habe auf die Erdbeere getreten. (I stepped on strawberries.)
die Blaubeere (grapes)
Collection: die Blaubeeren (blueberry)
Im Sommer können wir Blaubeeren pflücken. In the summer we can pick blueberries.
die Brombeere (black raspberry)
Plural: die Brombeeren
Along with strawberries and blueberries, you'll find cranberries growing in Germany's temperate climate. Be careful, although their pricking may injure your skin or clothes.
Iche habe ein paar Brombeeren in den Kuchen gelegt. I put some black berries in the cake.
die Himbeere (Blackberry)
Plural: die Himbeeren (raspberry)
Another type of berry grows naturally in Germany.
The difference between raspberries and blackberries is that the berries are a large tree without thorns, whileblackberries are a climbing prickly shrub up to two meters high.
Ich könnte ein Kilogramm Himbeeren essen.I can eat a pound of berries.
die Moosbeere (cherry)
Plural: die Mo Glosbeeren (cranberry)
Technically, the word Mo Glosbeere refers to European cranberries. However, agricultural production of this variety is minimal.
Most of the cranberries consumed in Germany are imported from America. The technical name of these is Großfrüchtige Mo Glosbeere, but most German speakers refer to them as "Mo Glosbeeren."
Moosbeeren sind mir zu sauer.(Cranberries are too sour for me).
die Kirsche (cherry)
Plural: die Kirschen
Besides apples, cherries are one of the most important fruits in German culture (sweet cherries are the most common species). It grows in southern Germany, especially in Baden-Württemberg.
Ich hätte gerne eine Kirsche mit meinem Eis. (I want a cherry with my ice cream.)
Plural: die Trauben
Germany is a very fertile wine country in the West. In addition, its neighboring countries, Austria and Switzerland, are famous for their vineyards. Popular German grape varieties include Gewürztraminer and Riesling.
Sie zerdrücken die Trauben. They mash grapes.
Plural: die Orangen
Germany is too cold to grow oranges, but this does not prevent local Germans from eating them. They eat ordinary oranges and use juice and peel to taste dishes.
Diese Orange hat eine dicke Schale.(These oranges have a thick peel.)
die Pflaume (plum)
Plural: die Pflaumen
Plums grow in the wild in many parts of Germany, with their sweet taste and refreshing texture making them popular.
Bitte nimm die Pflaumen aus dem Kühlschrank.(Please remove the plum from the refrigerator.)
die Birne (pear)
Plural: die Birnen
Like apples, pears grow easily in Germany and play an important role in their culture.
In dieser Birne steckt ein Wurm. (There is a worm in this pear.)
Bananas do not grow in Germany. However, since it is one of the most famous fruits in the world and easy to store, you will inevitably find it in supermarkets and restaurants.
Du kannst Bananen in Smoothies legen. (You can put bananas in juices).
Plural: die Feigen
You'll find this delicious fruit fresh and dried throughout Germany, Austria and Switzerland.
Mein Opa bevorzugt getrocknete Feigen. (My grandfather prefers dried figs.)
Plural: die Ananasse
Of course, pineapple is a tropical fruit, so you will not find it growing wild in German-speaking countries. You can still get them from most supermarkets.
Du bist verrückt, wenn du Ananasse auf Pizza magst.(You're banana if you like pineapple on pizza.)
der Pfirsich (Peach)
Plural: die Pfirsiche
Peach trees prefer warmer weather than Germany has to offer. As a result, German speakers usually import them from neighbors such as Italy and Spain.
Die Kerne der Pfirsichen sind giftig.(Peach drilling poisonous.)
die Wassermelone (watermelon)
The name of this giant fruit is almost the same in English, reflecting its erotic nature.
Diese Wassermelone ist so süß. (This watermelon is very sweet.)
die Zitrone (lemon)
Plural: die Zitronen
To remember the word lemon, just think of the word "citrus fruits".
Ich möchte einen Zitronenbaum in meinem Garten pflanzen. (I want to plant a lemon tree in my back yard.)
die Aprikose (apricots)
Plural: die Aprikosen
You may find dried pieces of this fruit in Müsli (similar to granola) or Studentenfutter (a kind of trail mixture).
Aprikosenblüten blühen im Frühling. . (Apricot flowers bloom in the spring.)
die Granatapfel (pomegranate)
Pomegranate does not work well in the temperate climate of Germany. But in season, you can find them in the store.
Wir haben frischen Granatapfel in Spanien gegessen. (We ate fresh pomegranate in Spain.)
Plural: die Kiwis
Kiwi does not grow in Germany, but indigenous people still like to use it in sweets and cocktails.
Mein Bruder ist allergisch gegen Kiwis. (My brother is allergic to kiwi).
6 German fruit dishes that you should pay attention to
Now that you know the names of 20 popular fruits in German, let's take a look at six popular German fruit dishes that you're likely to try in a German-speaking country.
As the name implies, this dish is made from roasted apples. Apples are cavity and then filled with sugar, spices and sometimes jam. Since apples are harvested in the fall, this is a popular winter dessert, especially on holidays.
Although it bears the name of the German capital, this dish is actually a traditional Austrian pastry. It is made from a sweet paste stuffed with strawberries, berries, plums or cherry jam.
This dish combines many of the most common fruits in German-speaking countries. It is made from cherries, berries, strawberries and berries. The fruits are cooked with starch to form a dessert-like substance, and you can eat them with milk or cream. Next to!
Glühwein means melted wine. I've made some of my best memories of living in Germany, and I know I'm not alone. This drink is famous for its popularity in Weihnachtsmärkte (Christmas markets) in Germany, Austria and Alsace. Red and sometimes white wines are heated and mixed with fruits and spices, making you feel warm while exploring the markets.
For an English speaker, Klaben Stollen is like a fruit cake. Made from dried fruit and orange peel, they are common in Bremen and traditionally eaten at Christmas.
If you look closely at the name, you will see that it literally means "plum cake". This is a simple paste made of a peach covered shell. It is common in Germany, Austria and Switzerland, and is often served as a dessert after big events or dinner.
Now you know all the fruit you see at the grocery store or grow by the side of the road. Not only that, you know the names of common fruit-based dishes and you can find out the ingredients of many other dishes that are advertised in bakeries and restaurants.
It's clear what you should do with this new knowledge: go ahead and try some new things! Practice talking to your local baker or grocer, and you may discover your favorite new dessert.
Frequently Asked Questions
كلمة تفاح بالالماني
Äpfel, Äpfel, Äpfel
fig in german