Adjectives in German (and against them with exercises)

Adjectives in German… Exquisite and useful qualities. They make the language more accurate and easy to use – regardless of the language!

See how to describe adjectives in previous sentences? They make sentences more precise, don't you think? That is why here in this article, we will learn a large part of the adjectives in German – 250 to be exact!

Adjectives in German
Adjectives in German

Are you ready for a list of useful German qualities? Let's go!

English vs. German adjectives

While German adjectives do the same things as English adjectives (in fact, there are a lot of common words in German and English adjectives that we'll talk about briefly later), the main difference is that:

  • German adjectives need to agree in sex and the number of the name that modifies it,
  • Adjectives in German may change depending on the case, whether it is nominal, monumental status, traction adjective, or additive.

But this is a completely different lesson for another day. Today we will talk only about German qualities in their original form.

Having said that, let's move on to the table of the most commonly used German qualities.

Table of adjectives in German

aalglattslippery
abenteuerlichRisk one's neck
abhängigBased
aggressivviolent
ähnlichsimilar
ahnungslosIgnorant
aktivactive
alleinlone
altOutdated
anpassungsfähigAdaptable
anständigAcceptable
ärgerlichObnoxious
armPoverty
artNice
attraktivattractive
aufgeklärtHighbrow
aufgeregtExcited, annoyed, nervous
aufgeschlossenOpen minded
aufrichtigpure and real and honest
blassbaht
begabttalented
begeistertExcited, cheerful
berühmtFamous
beliebt, populärBeloved
bestimmtPrivate, Confirmed
besserBest
bequemcomfortable
bescheidenmodest
besteThe best
bezauberndCharming and wonderful
billigCheap and inexpensive
blödStupid ignorant
blondineblond
boshaftMalicious, mean
bravGood disposition, good
charmantcharming
dankbarWith thanks and gratitude
dickthick
direktRight away
doof, dummStupid
dunkeldark
dünnskinny
ehrgeizigambitious
ehrlichbefriend
eifersüchtigjealous
einfachSimple, easy
eingebildetConceited, in vain
einmaligShe is a piece of work
einsamAlone
ekelhaftdisgusting, hated
ekligDisgusting
empfindlichsensitive
engtight, close
engagiertDedicated, Committed
engstirnigLimited thought narrow thought
entscheidenddecisive
entspannendLaid back
erfolgreichsuccessful
ernstserious
ersteFirst
erstklassigFirst-class, high-quality, first-class
falschWrong
fantastischIt's nice
faszinierendImpressive
faulLazy
feigHe chickened out
feinHe's good
festSolid, strong and firm
fettcorpulent
feiglingHe chickened out
fleißigdiligent
fortgeschrittenAdvanced
frechNaughty , cheeky, rude
freiFree
fremdOdd
freundlichFriendly, baby
frohAl , Saida
fröhlichexultant
frommpious
frühearly
ganzfull
gastfreundlichHospitable
gebildetEducated and intellectuals
geduldigAre you sick
gefährlichAwesome
gefühlvollSensitive and emotional
geistreichWitty and wonderful
geizigstingy and cheap
gemeinLow, rude, vulgar
gemeinsamCommon and reciprocal
gemütlichCute and warm
genialGenius and wonderful
gerechtOnly the righteous
geschätztDear Honorable
gescheitSmart and bright
geschicktproficient
geschwätzigGossip
geselligSociable and friendly
gesundBeneficial for health
gieriggreedy
glaubwürdigCredible and reasonable
gleichHimself, immediately, only
gleichzeitigSynchronous
glücklichHappy, lucky, blessed
grausamHarsh
grobCoarse, impolite, rude
großzügiggenerous
großLarge, long
grüngreen color
gutWell good
gut angezogenHassan Al , Malabas
gut gelauntCheerful in a good mood
halbHalf
halsstarrigstubborn
hartdifficult
hartnäckigstubborn
hässlichHideous
häufigRecurring
heißWarm
heiterexultant
hellBright and energetic
hemmungslosUnrestricted
herrlichIt's nice
herzlosheartless, heartless
hilfreichHelpful
hinterlistigA traitor, a traitor.
hochAverage
hochmütigArrogant, proud
hochnäsigArrogant, stuck
höflichPolite
hübschVery handsome
hundemüdeTired of the dog
hungrighungry
idealistischIt's perfect
intelligentintelligent
interessantInteresting
intolerantIntolerant
jungSmall
kaltCold and unfriendly
kindischChildlike
kindlichChildlike
klarNet
klasse, toll, superGreat, excellent
kleinSmall, short
kleinlichTrivial, -picky
klugSmart and discerning
komischFunny, comedic, strange
kompliziertcomplex
konservativConservative
kontaktfreudigOutgoing sociable
kräftigTough cookie
krankdisease
kreativcreative
kritischcritical
krummTwisted, curved, curved
labilUnstable and weak
langlong
langsamslow
langweiligMonotonous
launischOut of sorts
lautLoud, noisy
lebendigAlive and vibrant
leichtLight and easy
leidenschaftlichpassionate
leiseQuiet, soft
letzteLast
liebDear beloved
liebenswürdigLoved and friendly
lustigVery funny
merkwürdigWeird, strange, strange.
misstrauischNot confident of distrust
modischFashionable and elegant
molligStocky, Stocky
möglichIt's possible
moralischMoral and moral
mutigbrave
nächstenext
nachlässigCareless, negligent
nahnear
naßWet
neidischenvious
nervösTense
nettNice, nice (person)
neuNew
neugierigcurious
niedergeschlagenDepressed, depressed
niedlichattractive
niedrigA little
notwendigIt is necessary
oberflächlichSuperficial, shallow
offenOpen up
öffentlichGeneral
optimistischoptimistic
ordentlichorganizer
passivThe building for the unknown
parteiischPartial, biased, unilateral
peinlichEmbarrasment
pessimistischpessimistic
praktischpractical
privatsawing
pünktlichAccurate and fast
radikalRevolutionary radical
raffiniertRefined and elegant
rauhmeasure
rebellischSchizophrenia
rechthaberischstubborn
redlichbefriend
reichRich
reifMature
reinPure, clean and clear
religiösreligious
richtigRight, right.
riesigLeaked
romantischromantic
rotred
rücksichtslosRuthless, reckless
rücksichtsvollSensitive
ruhigquiet
sauberCleans
sauerAngry, sour
schickElegant, elegant, luxurious
schlampigChaotic, dirty
schlauClever and cunning
schlecht, schlimmBad, horrible
schmutzigDirty, dirty, dirty
schnellFast and fast
schönBeautiful, beautiful, nice
schüchternshy
schwachWeak, weak
schwarzblack
schwer, schwierigHard, heavy
schwerfälligExhausting, heavy and slow
schwermütigSad gloomy
selbstlosNon-selfish
selbstsicherSelf-confident
selbstsüchtigSelfishness
seltenRare
seltsamStrange unknown
sensationellirritant
sensibelsensitive
sicherSafe, Definitely
sorgenlos, sorgenfreiWith peace of mind
sorgfältigcautious
spätBehind the times
spontanOn her own accord
sportlichsportsman
spöttischRidicule and contempt
ständigcontinuous
starkstrong and strong
stolz (auf)proud of)
Adjectives in German

Adjectives in German and against them

Adjectives in German and against them

A great way to dramatically improve the vocabulary of German is to learn a new adjective in German while at the same time learning its opposite or vice versa. In today's lesson you will learn some of the common lessons.

Contrast

Happy sad; long short; hot and cold. All adjectives in German have a so-called antithesis. This is basically a word that has a largely opposite meaning. Learning the counter to every new adjective you learn will greatly improve your vocabulary, which means you'll never stumble upon words when describing a situation.

Lars and his friends studying abroad want to practice their German together. They decided to form groups of cards with common qualities and their antonyms. Once they make the cards, they will play with them the memory game; each player will flip a card, shout its adjective, and then try to find the card on which this contradiction is.

 

Physical descriptive qualities

They first started with a few simple words that can describe the physical aspects of things:

sofautteringTranslate
großgrohssbig
kleinkliynTiny
heißhiysshot
kaltkahltcold
langlahnglong
kurzkuhrtsShort
dickdihkcorpulent
duenndünnsublime

They started playing the game and decided to add a rule: every time you matched a pair correctly, you had to use them together in a sentence. Here are some of the sentences they came up with:

  • Unser Haus ist groß, dein Haus ist klein. (Our house is big, your house is small).
  • Im Sommer ist es heiß aber im Winter ist es kalt. (In summer it is warm but in winter it is cold.)
  • Was sieht am besten aus, Haar das lang oder kurz ist?(Which is better, long or short hair?).
  • Ein Bruder ist dick, der andere Bruder ist dünn. (One brother is fat and the other is fluffy.)

More descriptive adjectives

Then they came up with some richer words that could be physically descriptive or not.

CapacityutteringTranslation
altahltbig
jungyuhngTiny
reichriyschsing
armahrmPoverty
schnellSCH-nehllquick
langsamlAHNG-sahmSlow
dunkelDUHN-kehldark
hellhehllustrous
  • Der Mann ist alt aber der Junge ist jung.(The man is big but the boy is small.)
  • Ohne Geld bin ich arm, mit Geld bin ich reich. (Without money I'm poor, with money I'm rich.)
  • Der Hase ist schnell aber die Schildkröte ist langsam. (The rabbit is fast but the turtle is slow.)
  • Das Wohnzimmer ist dunkle and die Küche ist hell. (The living room is dark but the kitchen is bright).

Personal qualities

What about some words that depend on the opinion of the person?

CapacityutteringTranslation
hübschHUE-bschPretty
hässlichHEYSS-lischugly
glücklichGLUHCK-lischhappy
traurigTROW-rihgFeeling blue
langweiligLAHNG-wiy-lichMonotonous
interessantIHNTEHR-ehs-sahntA big shot
teuerTOY-ehrexpensive
billigBIHL-ligcheap
  • Diese Schuhe sind echt teuer, ich kaufe die andere, sie sind billig. (These shoes are expensive, I will buy the others, they are cheap.)
  • Der Hund ist immer glücklich, die Katze ist immer traurig. (The dog is always happy, the cat is always sad)..
  • Wir denken das Buch langweilig ist aber unser Lehrer denkt es interessant ist.(We think the book is boring but our teacher thinks it's fun.)

German grammar (complete)

Exercises on adjectives in German

Exercises on adjectives in German

example  Die schöne Frau spricht mit dem lieben Mann [schön / lieb]

  1. Hattest du eine ——  Reise mit deinem ——- Freund? [schön / neu]
  2. Ich wünsche euch einen —– Tag und eine —— Nacht. [schön / gut]
  3. Berlin ist eine  —— Stadt und eine  ——- Stadt. [schön / groß]
  4. Meine Tochter ist ein —— Mädchen und hat einen —— Freund. [nett / nett]
  5. Das —— Mädchen spielt mit seiner ——  Freundin. [jung / neu]
  6. Wie heißt das ——- Lied? Das ist das —– Lied von Elton John. [schön / neu]
  7. Fährst du mit dem —— Auto deines —– Bruders? [schnell / groß]
  8. Die eine Wurst gebe ich dem —— Hund, die andere bekommt der —— Hund. [klein / groß]
  9. Deutschland ist ein —— Land mit —– Einwohnern. [groß / viel]
  10. Eine Reise ist ein —– Geschenk für —- Menschen. [schön / lieb]
  11. Es liegt Schnee auf dem —- Berg und regnet auf dem —– Hügel. [hoch / klein]

The sources

250 German adjectives

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